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Q: Once a lien is filed for nonpayment of maintenance, how long until the association can foreclose? Does foreclosing take a vote of the board? Can the unit be sold or must it be rented? One of our board members is a realtor and expects to be the listing agent on rental or sale and collect a commission. Isn’t this a conflict?

A: Unless this is your first delinquency, which is doubtful, your association should have been previously counseled on these questions. Whether your board has been lax or has not been advised by experienced counsel, it appears that your association needs a change in direction. If you are a condominium association, your association can foreclose on its lien in as little as 60 days. The period is extended to 90 days for homeowners associations. The decision to foreclose does require approval from the board. Single board members should not be making these decisions unless they have the proper advance approval from the board to direct legal counsel. If the association does foreclose and obtains title to the unit, the association has several options. The unit can be rented, which makes sense in a lot of cases if the unit is in reasonable condition. The unit typically cannot be sold if it remains subject to a first mortgage, but experienced legal counsel can advise you on how to apply pressure on the bank and obtain a great result for the association.